Blessed Dionysius of Rijkel

Roman Calendar : March 12
Carthusian Calendar : March 12

Also known as : Denys, Dennis the Carthusian

Born in 1402 in that part of the Belgian province of Limburg which was formerly comprised in the county of Hesbaye; died 12 March, 1471. His birthplace was Ryckel, a small village a few miles from Saint-Trond, whence ancient writers have often surnamed him Ryckel or à Ryckel. His parents, historians say, were of noble rank; he himself says, however, that when a child he kept his father’s sheep. His remarkable aptitude for intellectual pursuits and his eagerness to learn induced his parents to give him a liberal education, and they sent him to a school at Saint-Trond. In 1415 he went to another school at Zwolle (Overijssel), which was then of great repute and attracted many students from various parts of Germany. He there entered upon the study of philosophy and became acquainted with the principles and practice of religious life, which the rector, John Cele, a very holy man, himself taught. Shortly after the rector’s death (1417) he returned home, having learnt all that the masters of the school could teach him. His feverish quest for human science and the success his uncommon intellectual powers had rapidly obtained seem, according to his own account, to have rather dulled his piety. Nevertheless a supernatural leaning to cloistral life, which had taken root in his mind from the early age of ten and had grown stronger during his stay at Zwolle, finally triumphed over worldly ambition and the instincts of nature, and at the age of eighteen he determined to acquire the “science of saints” in St. Bruno’s order.

Having applied for admittance at the Carthusian monastery at Roermond (Dutch Limburg), he was refused because he had not reached the age (twenty years) required by the statutes of the order; but the prior gave him hopes that he would be received later on, and advised him to continue meanwhile his ecclesiastical studies. So he went forthwith to the then celebrated University of Cologne, where he remained three years, studying philosophy, theology, the Holy Scriptures, etc. After taking his degree of Master of Arts, he returned to the monastery at Roermond and this time was admitted (1423). In his cell Denys gave himself up heart and soul to the duties of Carthusian life, performing all with his characteristic earnestness and strength of will, and letting his zeal carry him even far beyond what the rule demanded. Thus, over and above the time–about eight hours–every Carthusian spends daily in hearing and saying Mass, reciting Divine Office, and in other devotional exercises, he was wont to say the whole Psalter–his favourite prayer book–or at least a great part of it, and he passed long hours in meditation and contemplation; nor did material occupations usually hinder him from praying. Reading and writing took up the rest of his time. The list he drew up, about two years before his death, of some of the books he had read while a monk bears the names of all the principal ecclesiastical writers down to his time. He had read, he says, every summa and every chronicle, many commentaries on the Bible, and the works of a great number of Greek, and especially Arab, philosophers, and he had studied the whole of canon as well as civil law. His favourite author was Dionysius the Areopagite. His quick intellect seized the author’s meaning at first reading and his wonderful memory retained without much effort all that he had ever read.

It seems marvellous that, spending so much time in prayer, he should have been able to peruse so vast a number of books; but what passes all comprehension is that he found time to write, and to write so much that his works might make up twenty-five folio volumes. No other pen, whose productions have come down to us, has been so prolific. It is true that he took not more than three hours’ sleep a night, and that he was known to spend sometimes whole nights in prayer and study. There is evidence, too, that his pen was a swift one. Nevertheless the mystery still remains insolvable, and all the more so that, besides the occupations already mentioned, he had, at least for some time, others which will be presently noted, and which alone would have been enough to absorb the attention of any ordinary man. He began (1434) by commenting the Psalms and then went on to comment the whole of the Old and the New Testament. He commented also the works of Boethius, Peter Lombard, John Climacus, as well as those of, or attributed to, Dionysius the Areopagite, and translated Cassian into easier Latin. It was after seeing one of his commentaries that Pope Eugene IV exclaimed: “Let Mother Church rejoice to have such a son!” He wrote theological treatises, such as his “Summa Fidei Orthodoxæ”; “Compendium Theologicum”, “De Lumine Christianæ Theoriæ”, “De Laudibus B. V. Mariæ”, and “De Præconio B. V. Mariæ” (in both of which treatises he upholds the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception), “De quatuor Novissimus”, etc.; philosophical treatises, such as his “Compendium philosophicum”, “De venustate mundi et pulchritudine Dei” (a most remarkable æsthetic dissertation), “De ente et essentiâ”, etc.; a great many treatises relating to morals, asceticism, church discipline, liturgy, etc.; sermons and homilies for all the Sundays and festivals of the year, etc. His writings, taken as a whole, show him to be a compiler rather than an original thinker; they contain more unction and piety than deep speculation. He was no innovator, no builder of systems, and especially no quibbler. Indeed he had a decided dislike for metaphysical subtleties of no positive use, for he was of far too practical a turn of mind to waste time in idle dialectic niceties, and sought only to do immediate good to souls and tend their spiritual needs, drawing them away from sin and guiding and urging them on in the path to heaven.

As an expounder of Scripture, he generally does no more than reproduce or recapitulate what other commentators had said before him. If his commentaries bring no light to modern exegetics they are at least an abundant mine of pious reflections. As a theologian and a philosopher he is a servile follower of no one master and belongs to no particular school. Although an admirer of Aristotle and Aquinas, he is neither an Aristotelian nor a Thomist in the usual sense of the words, but seems inclined rather to the Christian Platonism of Dionysius the Areopagite, St. Augustine, and St. Bonaventure. As a mystical writer he is akin to Hugh and Richard of St. Victor, St. Bonaventure, and the writers of the Wildesheim School, and in his treatises may be found summed up the doctrine of the Fathers of the Church, especially of Dionysius the Areopagite, and of Eckart, Suso, Ruysbroeck, and other writers of the German and Flemish Schools. He has been called the last of the Schoolmen, and he is so in the sense that he is the last important Scholastic writer, and that his works may be considered to form a vast encyclopedia, a complete summary of the Scholastic teaching of the Middle Ages; this is their primary characteristic and their chief merit.

His renown for learning and especially for saintliness, drew upon him considerable intercourse with the outer world. He was consulted as an oracle by men of different social standing, from bishops and princes downwards; they flocked to his cell, and numberless letters came to him from all parts of the Netherlands and Germany. The topic of such correspondence was often the grievous state of the Church in Europe, i. e. the evils ensuing from relaxed morals and discipline and from the invasion of Islam. Deploring these evils he exerted himself to the utmost, like all pious Catholics of that day, to counteract them. For that purpose, soon after the fall of Constantinople (1453), impressed by revelations God made to him concerning the terrific woes threatening Christendom, he wrote a letter to all the princes of Europe, urging them to amend their lives, to cease their dissensions, and to join in war against their common enemy, the Turks. A general council being in his eyes the only means of procuring serious reform, he exhorted all prelates and others to unite their efforts to bring it about. He wrote also a series of treatises, laying down rules of Christian living for churchmen and for laymen of every rank and profession. “De doctrinâ et regulis vitæ Christianæ”, the most important of these treatises, was written at the request, and for the use, of the famous Franciscan preacher John Brugman. These and others which he wrote of a similar import, inveighing against the vices and abuses of the time, insisting on the need of a general reform, and showing how it was to be effected, give a curious insight into the customs, the state of society, and ecclesiastical life of that period. To refute Mohammedanism he wrote two treatises: “Contra perfidiam Mahometi”, at the request of Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa. The latter, named papal legate by Nicholas V to reform the Church in Germany and to preach a crusade against the Turks, took Denys with him during a part, if not the whole, of his progress (Jan., 1451-March, 1452), and received from his tongue and his pen valuable assistance, especially in the work of reforming monasteries and of rooting out magical and superstitious practices. This mission was not the only charge which drew Denys from his much-loved cell. He was for some time (about 1459) procurator of his monastery, and in July, 1466, was appointed to superintend the building of a monastery at Bois-le-Duc. A three- years’ struggle against ;the inextricable difficulties of the new foundation broke down his health, already impaired by a long life of ceaseless work and privations, and he was obliged to return to Roermond in 1469. His treatise “De Meditatione” bears the date of the same year and was the last he wrote.

The immense literary activity of Denys had never been detrimental to his spirit of prayer. On the contrary he always found in study a powerful help to contemplation; the more he knew, the more he loved. While still a novice he had ecstasies which lasted two or three hours, and later on they lasted sometimes seven hours and more. Indeed, towards the end of his life he could not hear the singing of “Veni Sancte Spiritus” or some verses of the Psalms, nor converse on certain devotional subjects without being lifted off the ground in a rapture of Divine love. Hence posterity has surnamed him “Doctor ecstaticus”. During his ecstasies many things were revealed to him which he made known only when it could profit others, and the same may be said of what he learnt from the souls in purgatory, who appeared to him very frequently, seeking relief through his powerful intercession. Loving souls as he did, it is no wonder that he should have become odious to the great hater of souls. His humility responded to his learning, and his mortification, especially with regard to food and sleep, far excelled what the generality of men can attain to. It is true that in point of physical austerities, virtue was assisted by a strong constitution, for he was a man of athletic build and had, as he said, “an iron head and a brazen stomach”.

During the last two years of his life he suffered intensely and with heroic patience from paralysis, stone, and other infirmities. He had been a monk for forty-eight years when he died at the age of sixty-nine. Upon his remains being disinterred one hundred and thirty-seven years after, day for day (12 March, 1608), his skull emitted a sweet perfume and the fingers he had most used in writing, i. e. the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, were found in a perfect state of preservation. Although the cause of his beatification has never yet been introduced, St. Francis de Sales, St. Alphonsus Liguori, and other writers of note style him “Blessed”; his life is in the “Acta Sanctorum” of the Bollandists (12 March), and his name is to be found in many martyrologies. An accurate edition of all his works still extant, which will comprise forty-one quarto volumes, is now being issued by the Carthusian Press at Tournai, Belgium.

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St. Anthony of the Desert

Founder of Christian monasticism. The chief source of information on St. Anthony is a Greek Life attributed to St. Athanasius, to be found in any edition of his works. A note of the controversy concerning this Life is given at the end of this article; here it will suffice to say that now it is received with practical unanimity by scholars as a substantially historical record, and as a probably authentic work of St. Athanasius. Valuable subsidiary information is supplied by secondary sources: the “Apophthegmata”, chiefly those collected under Anthony’s name (at the head of Cotelier’s alphabetical collection, P.G. LXV, 7]); Cassian, especially Coll. II; Palladius, “Historica Lausiaca”, 3,4,21,22 (ed. Butler). All this matter may probably be accepted as substantially authentic, whereas what is related concerning St. Anthony in St. Jerome‘s Life of St. Paul the Hermit” cannot be used for historical purposes.

Anthony was born at Coma, near Heracleopolis Magna in Fayum, about the middle of the third century. He was the son of well-to-do parents, and on their death, in his twentieth year, he inherited their possessions. He had a desire to imitate the life of the Apostles and the early Christians, and one day, on hearing in the church the Gospel words, “If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell all thou hast”, he received them as spoken to himself, disposed of all his property and goods, and devoted himself exclusively to religious exercises. Long before this it had been usual for Christians to practice asceticism, abstain from marriage and exercising themselves in self-denial, fasting, prayer, and works of piety; but this they had done in the midst of their families, and without leaving house or home. Later on, in Egypt. such ascetics lived in huts, in the outskirts of the towns and villages, and this was the common practice about 270, when Anthony withdrew from the world. He began his career by practising the ascetical life in this fashion without leaving his native place. He used to visit the various ascetics, study their lives, and try to learn from each of them the virtue in which he seemed to excel. Then he took up his abode in one of the tombs, near his native village, and there it was that the Life records those strange conflicts with demons in the shape of wild beasts, who inflicted blows upon him, and sometimes left him nearly dead. After fifteen years of this life, at the age of thirty-five, Anthony determined to withdraw from the habitations of men and retire in absolute solitude. He crossed the Nile, and on a mountain near the east bank, then called Pispir, now Der el Memum, he found an old fort into which he shut himself, and lived there for twenty years without seeing the face of man, food being thrown to him over the wall. He was at times visited by pilgrims, whom he refused to see; but gradually a number of would-be disciples established themselves in caves and in huts around the mountain, Thus a colony of ascetics was formed, who begged Anthony to come forth and be their guide in the spiritual life. At length, about the year 305, he yielded to their importunities an emerged from his retreat, and, to the surprise of all, he appeared to be as when he had gone in, not emaciated, but vigorous in body and mind. For five or six years he devoted himself to the instruction and organization of the great body of monks that had grown up around him; but then he once again withdrew into the inner desert that lay between the Nile and the Red Sea, near the shore of which he fixed his abode on a mountain where still stands the monastery that bears his name, Der Mar Antonios. Here he spent the last forty-five years of his life, in a seclusion, not so strict as Pispir, for he freely saw those who came to visit him, and he used to cross the desert to Pispir with considerable frequency. The Life says that on two occasions he went to Alexandria, once after he came forth from the fort at Pispir, to strengthen the Christian martyrs in the persecution of 311, and once at the close of his life (c. 350), to preach against the Arians. The Life says he died at the age of a hundred and five, and St. Jerome places his death in 356-357. All the chronology is based on the hypothesis that this date and the figures in the Life are correct. At his own request his grave was kept secret by the two disciples who buried him, lest his body should become an object of reverence.

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Hidden Life of Charterhouse

Sacred mysteries

By Christopher Howse
The Telegraph, 13 May 2006

 

Hidden life of Charterhouse

Surprise is the first emotion that strikes the fortunate visitor to the Charterhouse, on the edge of the City of London, for here, wedged between the traffic fumes of Clerkenwell Road and the bloody pavements of Smithfield meat market, stands a cluster of quadrangles like those of a medieval Oxford college, with hall and chapel, tranquil behind its walls and trees.

The ancient buildings are lovely, but there is an air of sadness about the place. The original monastery, dedicated to the “Salutation” (that is to say, the Annunciation of the Incarnation by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary), was built in the 14th century as a monastery for the ascetic Carthusians.

These contemplative monks lived an astonishingly hard life, practically as hermits, each in his tiny house off the cloister, with a garden behind to dig. (A functioning Charterhouse continues today at Parkminster in West Sussex.)

The Carthusians, along with the Observant Franciscans of Greenwich and the Bridgettines at Syon, Middlesex, were a spiritual powerhouse for the nation’s capital. Befriended by kings when things were going well, they became the first victims of Henry VIII when he fell out with church authorities.

At the Charterhouse, the quadrangle today called Wash-house Court was built of medieval stonework and completed with a range of brick. The diapering of the brickwork picks out the initials JH, those of John Houghton, the prior from 1531 to 1535. In the latter year, he refused to swear an oath recognising Henry VIII as supreme head of the church, and he was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn on May 4.

One of his arms was nailed to the door of the Charterhouse, but this did not dissuade 15 of his brother Carthusians from holding out. Five died on the scaffold and the other 10 were starved to death in Newgate prison.

Even after the Charterhouse was re-endowed in 1611 by the legacy of Thomas Sutton, the landowner and money-lender, to give lodging to poor old men and education to boys, the uncomfortable memory remained that the buildings had once been inhabited by better men.

When the future novelist Thackeray arrived at the school in 1821, aged 10, he found it dominated by flogging and fagging. He said he was “abused into sulkiness” and “bullied into despair”, and later depicted the school under the name Slaughterhouse. There was nothing out of the ordinary about this among the public schools of the time and Charterhouse School changed completely with its move to Godalming in 1872.

The remaining foundation of Sutton’s Hospital, smashed and burnt in part by the Blitz, still looks after 40 old men and does it very well, what with the expense of compliance with health and safety rules and the modern expectations of extended medical care for old people. But, in the middle of the 20th century, something happened that addressed the discomfort of its historical inheritance.

Geoffrey Curtis (1902-81) was a member of the Anglican religious Community of the Resurrection, at Mirfield in West Yorkshire. In 1938, he edited a contemporary account of the martyrdom of the Carthusians and began to campaign for a memorial plaque to them at the London Charterhouse.

He hoped to transform an atmosphere that “chills so mortally the relations between the established church and the church of Rome in England”. Deaths, war and finances delayed his ambition, but he persevered until, in 1958, in the open air at the site of the high altar of the former priory church, a plaque was set up.

“Remember before God,” it says, “the monks and lay-brothers of the Carthusian house of the Salutation who worshipped at this altar and for conscience sake endured torment and death.”

And now, the 25th anniversary of Geoffrey Curtis’s death, a neat plaque to his memory has been fixed on the wall of the ante-chapel of the Charterhouse. A requiem Eucharist was sung and the Archbishop of Canterbury, himself once a lecturer at Mirfield, sent a message calling Curtis “a servant of the unity of God’s Church and a man whose prayerful quiet gave him a true insight into the Carthusian martyrs, whose witness he chronicled”.

Charterhouse is a microcosm of England: historic, battered, torn by ideologies, modest and beautiful. The scandal of Christian disunity cannot be addressed without awareness of its historical roots. The initiative at the Charterhouse to honour the work begun by Geoffrey Curtis is a generous and brave one.

Reprinted with permission of Telegraph Media Group Limited
© Copyright of Telegraph Media Group Limited 2007.
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Spiritual Direction

It is very important to remember that some of the Reformers were profoundly skeptical about traditional Catholic or Orthodox spiritual life and practices, including anything monastic, and veered their approach to discipleship away from such things. This is why there is very little context today in some denominations for the discussion of spirituality, mysticism, contemplation, asceticism or spiritual direction or guidance.

Bear in mind that Spiritual Direction it is a charismatic gift given directly by God to its bearer, and has little or nothing to do with ordination or the jurisdictional authority of church leadership positions. In the Charterhouse, as in the desert hermit tradition, not every monk is recognized as capable of Spiritual Guidance. The few that are, receive authorization by the Prior to use their charism as Confessors, Novice Masters, Vicar of the Prior or as the Procurator.

Ideally a spiritual director has lived spiritual experience and a vigorous faith-filled “contemplative prayer life”. Clearly a praying person seeks God, wants to please God and do God’s Will. Has knowledge of the developmental patterns of the spiritual life. Requires an openness to carefully listen to you, and with you, to what the God is saying to you in the movements of your own spiritual growth; and helps you understand what God is asking you to do about it. A person who is discerning of the spirits mixed in with the Movement of the Holy Spirit in you, your life, your spirituality, and your prayer, i.e. Spiritual Discernment. And someone you can implicitly trust and have confidence in to get to know you really well and understand you and your spiritual intentions, and understand your personality type, your character with it’s strengths and weaknesses, and your temperament, and be sympathetic to how this all works together in you and your life, but also, not blind to or overly condoning of their dysfunctions.

While St. Gregory the Great tells us this is the ultimate pastoral ministry, it is nothing one can be ordained to, since it is a charismatic gift. What he exhorts Pastors to do is prepare for the gift by living a life worthy of it and by praying for it for God’s Sake, for God’s Glory in the wellbeing of souls. So, this is also got to be someone whose advice and guidance you are going to willing take and follow or even OBEY for the Love of Christ!

Our Spirtual Director also needs to be someone who can lovingly but firmly hold you spiritually and morally accountable and take you to task for continuing in consistent spiritual growth and the elimination of what is contrary or inconsistent to it in your life. Can help you understand the deeper meaning of your spiritual reading and study, someone with whom you can process things you find striking, or that stand out in a special way to you, through which God is talking to you or calling to your attention. An individual who understands that Spiritual Direction is a specialized, stylized, extremely respectful, somewhat lopsided, Sacred relationship of unequals, who must keep a certain detachment from each other and from becoming overly familiar conventional buddies and chums, on the one hand, and yet have a loving open communication and confident trust on the other hand. Since their is a special intimacy and vulnerability involved in this relationship, great care needs to be exercised to keep it exclusively at the service of God by maintaining all its focus on God at work in the directee/mentee. And importantly, someone who has sufficient time to devote to your direction.

Possible plausible candidates for your spiritual director/ soul-friend would be whomever it is that God leads you to who fits more closely these qualities in relation to your spiritual growth. While it is ideal to have a live person you can physically meet with, church history is replete with examples of epistlatory spiritual direction relationships, which in our day and age also include cyber and telephonic spiritual guidance relationships. Do whatever works! Guidance is where and how you find it!

While you may find this a bit daunting at first glance, once you have absorbed the gist of the qualities and especially begun to understand the spirit of spiritual direction or guidance, people you have met or know, either physically or through you cyber fellowship, will start to come to mind, or may even jump out at you.

The above is based on the ideals. In reality, various potential directors have these qualities in varying degrees of strength or obviousness. This is why there is so much stress on Mentorship in contemporary spiritual direction, rather than the Spiritual Mother/Father master and disciple model, mostly to be found only in contemplative monasteries and religious orders with a tradition for spiritual direction like the Discalced Carmelites, Jesuits, Dominicans, etc.

As with all human relationships, there is a time of introduction and initial engagement. There will be a trial period to see if the fit exists and works for both of you. If it does, go for it! If it doesn’t, move on and keep on looking.

Remember that the goal of all spiritual direction is to train the directee to become so sensitive and attuned to the movements of the Holy Spirit in one’s real life. The Carthusian Statutes tell us that we need, from moment to moment, to be willing and desirous to seek and know what God’s will is, and to do just that, purely out of love for God. When this happens, the fruition of all our asceticism and contemplative prayer and sacrifice will be achieved in this hallmark of Mystical Marriage, where there is only One Will, One Love, in Perfect Union with God. And Thomas Merton wrote that ultimately, the Holy Spirit is the spiritual director.

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Prayer For Christian Unity

 
Lord Jesus Christ
When you were about to suffer,
You prayed for your disciples
That they might all be one
As you are in the Father
And the Father in you.
Look down in pity on the many divisions
Among those who profess faith in you,
And heal the wounds which human pride
Has inflicted on your people.
Break down the walls of seperation,
Which divide one party and denomination
Of Christians from another.
Look with compassion on the souls of
Those who have been born
In one or another of these various
Denominations, and bring them all into
That one communion which you willed
From the beginning. Amen.

 

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Blessed Odo of Navaro

Roman Calendar : January 14
Carthusian Calendar : October 13

Born in Navaro around 1105; died in Italy around 1200; cult confirmed in 1859. Blessed Odo, a Carthusian monk, was prior of Charterhouse at Geyrach in Slavonia. He resigned due to difficulties with the bishop and became chaplain to a convent of nuns at Tagliacozzo in Italy, where he died at a very advanced age.

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The Divine Contemplative

Our divine Savior did not limit this active power, the source of glory to God and of the world’s salvation, to the few years of His earthly life; He continues it down the centuries in a two-fold manner: through His real and through His mystical body, that is, in the Holy Eucharist and in the Church.

In the Holy Eucharist, despoiled of all, even of the accidents of His human nature, poorer even than when on the Cross, He continues in a true manner His contemplation and sacrifice; He lives only for prayer: “ever living to make intercession for us” (Heb. 7:25).

In the Church, which is His mystical body, He wills that each of the states of His mortal life should be reproduced in its entirety, otherwise the parallel would be incomplete. Now from what we have said above, the one that excels all the rest, the fountain, so to say, of all the others, is His state of contemplation, His self-immolation.

This, then, must be reproduced. But by whom? Principally by souls dedicated to a particular mode of life and giving themselves exclusively to penance and prayer. It is in continuing one of these states, the highest of our Lord’s earthly life, by the strict observance of the evangelical counsels, that the contemplative orders find their reason for being. They take no part in the general government of the Church, nevertheless they belong to the essence of her constitution, and undoubtedly her divine Founder has given them their mission.

We speak here of the contemplative orders only. The proposition in a more general sense and extended to other religious institutes would cease to be true. St. Bernard says that the religious life is so much of the Church’s essence that it began with it, or rather, the Church was begun by it, Qui primus fuit in Ecclesia, imo a quo coepit Ecclesia (Patr. Lat., t. 182. co1.912. Cf. also, The Ideal of the Monastic Life, by Dom Germain Morin, 69, “This then is our model, the life of the first Christians: the life which sprang up with the beginning of the Church, etc.”) .

We do not see them at work as corporate bodies in apostolic times, because then, in this particular, God’s glory was served by the blood of the martyrs; that was sufficient witness for the visible continuation of Calvary. But when the era of the great persecutions came to an end, the blood-stained arena of martyrdom was exchanged for the unbloody martyrdom of the religious life. In the countless lauras of Egypt and Palestine, as later on, in the monasteries of the East; and later still in those of the West, men saw with wonder, the hidden Christ of Nazareth, the dying Christ of Golgotha living and dying over again.

For several centuries, all external ministry was forbidden to these contemplatives; it was an understood thing that nothing should be done to lessen the value of their penitential life or the power of their intercession. It is remarkable to notice that decay of discipline entered the monasteries only from the time, and to the extent that the monks, either out of necessity or from choice, were permitted to go forth and take part in the active ministry in imitation of those new religious orders which the needs of the time had produced to aid and supplement the work of the secular clergy.

Fr. Baker, in Sancta Sophia, (173, 1876 ed.) additionally notices:

No doubt there is that the decay of religion hath principally proceeded from this preposterous disorder, viz, that in most religious communities active spirits have got the advantage to possess themselves of prelatures and spiritual pastorships over the contemplative, though the state of religion was instituted only for contemplation.

In the 11th century, as a consequence of the great impulse given earlier by Charlemagne to popular education, of which the burden fell principally on the monasteries; and likewise, as a result of the disturbed state then of Christendom, the purely contemplative life had ceased to be practiced in the Church. Providence, however, to make it flourish anew, raised up one of those men of faith and genius who seem to be held in reserve through the centuries for the accomplishment of its mighty plans. This was St. Bruno (1030-1101 AD) the founder of the Carthusian order. The oft quoted saying, Cartusia nunquam reformata, quia nunquam deformata, the Carthusian order has never been reformed because never deformed, is substantially true, because it has remained true to the spirit of its foundation, has kept apart from all external activities and devoted itself absolutely and entirely to contemplation.

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Immaculate Little Mary in Mexico

On 6 January 1840, the Feast of the Three Kings, Sister Magdalena knelt before a nativity scene in her convent in Mexico City, contemplating the Christ Child in the manger. She then had a thought: if we honor Jesus’ infancy, why not that of His dear Mother? She was not familiar with the “Maria Bambina” devotion across the sea in Italy.

Suddenly, a lovely little girl appeared before her, dressed like a tiny princess and reclining in thin air! Sister Magdalena immediately knew that this beautiful child was the Virgin Mary, appearing to her in the form of a baby.

The Infant Mary seemed to be telling her “I will grant great graces to whoever honors me in my infancy”.

The astonished nun went to the abbess and told her of her vision and her desire to promote devotion to little Mary. The abbess did not quite share Sister Magdelena’s excitement, so the devotion was not promoted right away. But Magdelena kept praying for God to bring it about.

Eventually, Sister Magedlena did receive permission to ask a local sculptor to fashion a statue of the Infant Mary. Once she received the image she began to spread the devotion. Many people experienced miracles through the intercession of little Mary, but others questioned the suitability of such a devotion.

The case was eventually brought before Pope Gregory XVI, who approved the devotion and even granted indulgences to those who practiced it! Thus the question of suitability was solved.

Over the decades God performed numerous miracles of healing for those who venerated this statue. Soon an order of nuns called the Slaves of the Immaculate Child was founded, as well as a priestly order, the Missionaries of the Nativity of Mary. Both are dedicated to the Immaculate Little Mary, and continue to work for the Church in Mexico and Puerto Rico.

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Holy Relics

Classification of Holy Relics

Is the Relic Authentic?

First Class Relics

Second Class Relics

Third Class Relics

Agnus Dei

Scriptural Basis for Veneration of Relics

The Treatment of Holy Relics

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Ascension Catholic Community Ministry of Intercession for January 2015

Thank you Lord Jesus Christ, for all the benefits and blessings you have given me, may I know you more clearly, love you more dearly, and follow you more nearly, day by day.

For the Pope’s intention that those from diverse religious traditions and all people of good will may work together for the peace,

For evangelization: that this year dedicated to consecrated life, religious men and women may rediscover the joy of following Christ and strive to serve the poor with zeal.

Lord Jesus, help our church to find creative ways to seek out all who are alienated from you and your church.

We ask you to comfort all those living with mental and physical pain.

Holy Spirit, thank you for all the men, women and children who minister in our parish. Bless their ministry: Bless all who contribute to the financial support of our parish and other good causes. Help all of us to be good and generous stewards of our time, treasure and talent.

We pray for the unemployed and the homeless, that with faith in God and the help of good people they may find relief from their burdens.

We pray that all politicians may always act with honesty, integrity, and love for truth.

God Our Father, protect young people who are runaways or who are alienated from their families may they be reconciled or otherwise helped in their need.

The peace of Christ be with you in the New Year,

Father Eamon and the Ministry of Intercessions

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